예약금없는출장샵
  • 인천광대 축소 마사지
  • 천안출장샵
  • 카지노사이트
  • 영암얼굴 경락 마사지
  • 인천출장맛사지↔24시출장샵ノ인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천노모 마사지﹞ア﹝인천스포츠 마사지 자격증﹞➥인천제천 안마방⇪인천탄트라 마사지┚인천폰섹 녹음♬인천러시아 오피 후기╧인천안산 마사지 추천

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    울산출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    인천출장맛사지┐예약↘인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천2콩 안마방﹞☽﹝인천경찰 안마방﹞➥인천변비 마사지☶인천콜걸추천═인천동래 안마방⇣인천출장 마사지 썰❤인천마사지 토렌

    The governments of more than 190 nations 홍천강남 안마방 후기 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    인천출장맛사지▥출장부르는법ρ인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천논현 안마방﹞┱﹝인천신촌 마사지﹞╡인천안마방 혼자↶인천대전 안마방 후기╤인천목욕탕 마사지⇛인천동대구역 여관⇪인천출장걸

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    인천출장맛사지♦예약χ인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천안마방 vs 오피﹞✙﹝인천나주 마사지﹞⇡인천안마방 나무위키╮인천정자역 마사지┱인천안마방 얼마☁인천안마방 카운터┟인천안마방 장부

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 카지노사이트 . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    인천출장맛사지❧24시출장샵┫인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천마사지 서양﹞☋﹝인천두정동 마사지﹞░인천얼굴 경락 마사지☼인천안마방 영어⇄인천민락동 마사지➷인천중국마사지 후기┪인천모텔 아가씨

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 의령안마방 야동 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    인천출장맛사지⇩출장부르는법㍿인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천부산 안마방﹞↠﹝인천부산 안마방﹞✦인천연수동 안마방コ인천백석동 마사지✚인천계산동 안마방╫인천미시출장안마マ인천백석동 마사지

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – 원주출장샵 – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    인천출장맛사지인천허리통증 마사지

  • 청주안마방 직원
  • 인천옥계 마사지
  • 인천출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    인천출장맛사지☟24시출장샵┓인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천마사지 fc2﹞☣﹝인천이동국 안마방﹞✕인천타이 마사지 아로마⇛인천봉천 안마방►인천엘림 마사지♩인천판교 마사지ψ인천체코 마사지

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 함양방콕 마사지 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 부산출장안마 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

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    보성다낭 붐붐 마사지 loveganghwa.xyz 대전응암동 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, 군산출장샵 – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    인천출장맛사지☁24시출장샵✌인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천일산 모텔﹞❂﹝인천fc2 오일 마사지﹞☆인천전립선 마사지 기구♘인천포항 여관┽인천안마방 무한→인천건강 마사지╡인천출장마사지

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 동인천마사지 영상 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    인천출장맛사지┩출장부르는법ク인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천아프리카 마사지﹞┨﹝인천라페 안마방﹞✯인천남성전용마사지↕인천안마방 수입╠ 인천천안 마사지╞인천출장샵예약포항☋인천안마방 아영이

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 부산출장안마 .

    논산안양 안마방
    평창마사지 텀블러 온라인카지노 천안안마방 야동
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    인천출장맛사지☾예약╥인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천은평구 안마방﹞ロ﹝인천연예인 마사지﹞λ인천상추 안마방▤인천단발 안마방❧인천진주 오피╭인천이진호 안마방✄인천최음제 마사지

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 서울출장안마 .

    인천출장맛사지◇예약금없는출장샵メ인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천아로마 마사지﹞タ﹝인천아빠의 젊은 애인과 끈적한 마사지﹞♘인천나주 마사지▒인천앙헬레스 마사지⇡인천av 에이미✣인천야 동 마사지☄인천동출장마사지

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 포항출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 인천쿠알라룸푸르 마사지 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    인천출장맛사지╰예약금없는출장샵ヘ인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천포항 마사지﹞└﹝인천마사지 전단지﹞⇩인천변비 마사지▥인천섹슈얼 마사지╄인천수암 마사지●인천출장 안마♨인천부산 서면 출장

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    인천출장맛사지▌예약금없는출장샵•인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천타이마사지 가격﹞➸﹝인천마사지 카페﹞★인천호이안 마사지⇗인천안마방 무한☃인천광주 안마방 추천┦인천중국전통마사지❤인천거유 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 진도선릉 마사지 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 평택출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 울산출장안마 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 광명마사지 일본어 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 원주출장샵 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    인천출장맛사지ν출장부르는법➨인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천게이 마사지﹞♀﹝인천출장시﹞┛인천캄보디아 마사지⇙인천논현 마사지✿인천고양이 변비 마사지▬인천상동 안마방√인천김천 안마방

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 대구출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: 창원출장샵 showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 대구출장샵 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    인천출장맛사지↴24시출장샵♂인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천강남 안마방 추천﹞↕﹝인천민락동 마사지﹞γ인천부평 안마방⊥인천마사지 포르노▬인천대만 마사지♤인천야탑 안마방◈인천턱 마사지

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    평택안마방 첫경험
    온라인카지노 영월고등학생 안마방 카지노사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    인천출장맛사지╗24시출장샵ム인천안마방 무한샷﹝인천진해 마사지﹞✔﹝인천군포 마사지﹞☠인천간석동 안마방○인천아주동 마사지☛인천논현 마사지➽인천여인숙 가격ホ인천베트남 하노이 마사지

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.인천출장맛사지인천고관절 마사지⇪인천청주 용암동 안마방⊙﹝인천카톡 출장 만남﹞인천안마방 에이스☻인천허벅지 마사지↫인천척추 마사지♫인천전립선 마사지 tumblr⊕카지노사이트출장부르는법인천tumblr 마사지↿인천안산 안마방✐【인천lovegom】인천얼굴 마사지 기계♘인천안마방 키스リ인천마사지↺인천안마방 가성비⇥인천출장맛사지의성겨드랑이 마사지인천귀 마사지▷인천박시연 마사지✏《인천안마방 얼굴》인천칭다오 마사지ホ인천노량진 안마방フ인천안중 마사지╟인천아침 안마방ο인천독산동 마사지☽인천출장 선입금▒﹝인천마포구 안마방﹞인천씨엠립 마사지⇟인천장기동 안마방↘인천수원 안마방♘인천오일 전신 마사지╬ 인천원룸 출장オ인천마사지 영상⇢《인천천안 출장 대행》인천안마방 미러┽인천감성마사지란☽인천올탈 마사지▤인천스웨디시 마사지 후기↕인천콜걸출장마사지☎인천안산 줄리엣 마사지☢(인천영통 안마방)인천안마방 반말♬인천덕계 마사지►인천은평구 안마방◙인천소프 마사지☢예약담양사우나 마사지예약인천영천 마사지コ인천암사동 마사지↕「인천하노이 vip 마사지」인천진주 안마방☏인천렉시벨 마사지➻인천출장 오피┣인천냉정 안마방⚘인천출장맛사지인천출장맛사지군산출장샵인천민락동 마사지인천마사지 정보인천부산마사지인천안마방 ㅇㄷ인천출장맛사지인천출장 사기○인천마사지 젤☂<인천군산 마사지>인천김무열 마사지⇃인천안마방 tumblr┝인천변비 마사지┐인천아마 시안▦영광송파 안마방

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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